December 2009 – Morocco

Morocco Birding in winter

A four day and three night bird watching excursion to the northwest coast of Morocco, Tour Dates 2nd to 5th December 2009

Birding Tour organised by Spanish Nature ( for and on behalf of the Andalucia Bird Society.

Participants: Geoff Binks, Hilary Briffa, John Brooks, Steve Cheshire, Stephen Daly (4 photographs), Janet Dixon, Frank Hair, David Hird, Peter Jones (Tour Leader and Author of Trip Report), Amanda Kusmidrowicz, Mick Kusmidrowicz, Arni Lindholm, Andrew Mountford, Elli Wallbank, Liz Young.

Itinerary: Day One; Tarifa – Tanger – Asilah. Day Two; Asilah – Larache – Asilah. Day Three; Asilah – Moulay Bousselham – Asilah. Day Four; Asilah – Tanger – Tarifa.

Day One. eurasian-curlew1Our group met-up in Tarifa for departure to Tanger. The sea crossing was an easy affair and the only drawback was queuing on the ferry to have our entry stamps inserted in our passports. On the sea crossing some of the group saw Cory’s Shearwater and Northern Gannet with the more usual gull species plus a few Sandwich Tern near to the port of Tanger. We met our transport at the port and were soon bouncing our way through the maze of streets leading out of the main ferry port. The route to Asilah was the inland road to Had Gharbia, which transverses the Tangier Peninsula and gave us an opportunity to do some serious bird watching. The west the large plains of the peninsula is separated from the Atlantic by the salt marshes of the Oued Tahadart. Here we saw around 200 Common Crane scattered in small and large flocks, a juvenile (1st winter) Long-legged Buzzard and several Marsh Harriers. Little Owl and Blue Rock Thrush plus other small birds soon added to a reasonable start to our tour. The lateness of our departure from Spain meant lunch soon bade us leave the peninsula and head for Asilah and seek a suitable restaurant!! The rest of the day was spent enjoying the old port of Asilah.

lanner-flight-tealDay Two. We awoke to dark skies and scattered showers! Our journey to Larache was slow and not encouraging given the drizzle and low cloud. Yet when we approached the salt pans skirting the roadside banks of the Oued Loukos, the skies broke, the sun shone, the temperature felt comfortable and the birds showed well. We soon had 2 Great White Egrets (3 were seen later on the lower Loukos marshes), large flocks of Greater Flamingo and several White Stork. A fine male Hen Harrier flew close as did a fleeting Bluethroat, but the marshes were soon capturing our attention with many wader species including Spotted Redshank, Bar-tailed Godwit, Whimbrel, Avocet, Black-winged Stilt, Sanderling, Grey and Golden Plover all showing extremely well. We made our way to the lower Loukos marshes and had literally hundreds of Crested Coot, Marbled Teal, Northern Shoveler, Pintail, Teal and large flocks of Glossy Ibis, the smaller birds such as Yellow and White Wagtail, Reed Warbler, Cetti’s Warbler and a solitary Sand Martin added to the growing list of great birds, although a calling Moustached Warbler refused to show. Huge flocks of Black-tailed Godwit occupied the higher end of the marsh together with other waders including good numbers of Lapwing. Our thrill for the day was to witness a female Lanner take a Eurasian Teal, possibly the highlight for all, though I guess the Teal was none too happy! 3 Osprey entertained overhead, whilst Night Herons were seen roosting in Tamarisk on the main river bank near to the dam. After lunch we made our way to the Ras Rmel beach and found a solitary Audouin’s Gull. Both Lesser and Common Kestrel were seen and a distant raptor with white body and dark underwing looked good for a Bonelli’s Eagle, but a closer view was not to be had and therefore we did not add this species to our list! A couple of Black-winged Kites did come close and helped to make-up for our earlier frustration. The weather had been kind and the birds exceptional.

marsh-owlDay Three. Bit of a presentation day as well as bird watching day. We set-off early for Moulay Bousselham and the lagoon Merja Zerga, where we planned to take a tour around the lagoon by boat and also view the surrounding marshes, whilst also presenting a local guardian and guide with a donation of a second-hand telescope. Our journey to Moulay Bousselham was brightened by the sunshine and a large flock of Stone Curlew near to Barga. To get over the point of our birding day we saw Curlew Sandpiper, Whimbrel and Curlew, but no Slender-billed Curlew! Having said that, we did have a great day with Slender-billed Gull, Audouin’s Gull, Black, Little, Caspian and Sandwich Tern and several new wader species for the tour including Ruff, Knot, Turnstone, Dunlin, Kentish Plover and Oystercatcher. Ospreys and Marsh Harrier were seen frequently and Common Kestrel seemed to appear everywhere. Common Bulbul showed very well near the port and we had our star turn of the day with around 13+ Marsh Owl before our lunch break. Marsh Owl is the rarest of the owl family in the western Paleartic and so our excellent stop at the fishing port was made even more remarkable by the number of birds and great sightings of birds displaying and one individual sitting out exposed on a tree top. Very soon this Marsh Owl roost will disperse with paired birds taking up territories, mostly at the southern and eastern end of the lagoon.

common-bulbul_webDay Four. Today we set-off on our homeward leg of the tour, but not before everyone had good views of Common Bulbul near to our hotel. Because of our rather hurried schedule on day one, we again visited the plains of the Tanger Peninsula and this time we were able to take a very leisurely drive, making several stops along the way. It was a perfect morning for bird watching and very soon we added Spanish Sparrow and several finches to our bird list. Skylarks were evident with both Corn Bunting and Southern Grey Shrike numerous along the first part of our route. Southern Grey Shrikes hereabouts seem to be intermediate between the Spanish race and more southerly race of Morocco. They are dark on the mantle, but do not display any pinkish tone to their grey breast. Little Owl again gave good views, with a 2cy Long-legged Buzzard showing well for the group. Large numbers of Common Crane were still in the area, probably numbering around the 200 mark. We were fortunate to spot a large female Peregrine Falcon sat sunning herself on the ground and together with her large size, prominent white cheeks, pale blue mantle and narrow moustache she showed all the characteristics of the calidus subspecies. Marsh Harriers performed well for us and were seen displaying near to a small lagoon. We spent some time elevated on a hillside to get good views across the plains, we hoped to find Great Bustard, but had no luck. It had been a great trip and one to repeat soon.

Moroccan Bird List – Andalucia Bird Society 2nd to the 5th December 2009

Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Gadwall Anas strepera
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Eurasian Teal Anas crecca
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus
Cory’s Shearwater Calonectris diomedea
Northern Gannet Morus bassanus
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Great Egret Ardea alba
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
White Stork Ciconia ciconia
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus
Western Marsh-Harrier Circus aeruginosus
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni
Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
Purple Gallinule Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata
Common Crane Grus grus
Stone Curlew Burhinus oedicnemus
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Eurasian Golden-Plover Pluvialis apricaria
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Common Redshank Tringa totanus
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
(Red) Knot Calidris canutus
Sanderling Calidris alba
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Slender-billed Gull Chroicocephalus genei
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Audouin’s Gull Ichthyaetyus audouinii
Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus
Little Tern Sternula albifrons
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia
Black Tern Chlidonias niger
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis
Rock Pigeon Columba livia
Common Wood-Pigeon Columba palumbus
Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Little Owl Athene noctua
Marsh Owl Asio capensis
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops
Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis
Eurasian Jackdaw Corvus monedula
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra
Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla
Crested Lark Galerida cristata
Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis
Sand Martin Riparia riparia
African Blue Tit Cyanistes teneriffae
Common Bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis
Cetti’s Warbler Cettia cetti
Eurasian Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus
Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Stonechat Saxicola torquatus
Blue Rock-Thrush Monticola solitarius
Eurasian Blackbird Turdus merula
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
European Starling Sturnus vulgaris
Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor
Western Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
White Wagtail Motacilla alba
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta
Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra
Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris
European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Eurasian Linnet Carduelis cannabina
European Serin Serinus serinus
House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis

Total Species 111


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